Category: Historical Profile

A profile of Granville T. Woods, a mechanical and electrical engineer who received more than 60 patents for his inventions. Despite leaving school at an early age, Woods continued his education by reading, attending night school, and otherwise learning in his spare time. Many of his contributions to improved railroad safety and efficiency are still in use today.

Historical Profile

A profile of Jo Ann Gibson Robinson, a school teacher and college professor who launched the Montgomery Bus Boycott.

Historical Profile

A profile of Mifflin Wistar Gibbs, an entrepreneur and politician who sought his fortune as a pioneer in the West and Canada and was also an active abolitionist involved with the Underground Railroad. Mifflin Wistar Gibbs died at the age of 92 a relatively wealthy and well-respected man despite having grown up poor and repeatedly experiencing discrimination.

Historical Profile

A profile of Josiah Henson, a fugitive slave who escaped to Canada where he established a settlement and industrial school for other fugitive slaves. The Dawn Settlement served as one of the last stops on the Underground Railroad and the school taught former slaves trades that enabled them to be self-sufficient. In addition, Henson is also credited with helping 118 slaves escape to freedom.

Historical Profile

A profile of Robert Sengstacke Abbott, a newspaper publisher and editor who founded The Chicago Defender a prominent national Black newspaper. Through The Chicago Defender, Abbott contributed to the anti-lynching campaign of the post-Reconstruction Jim Crow era as well as the Great Migration.

Historical Profile